Archaeological evidence show that human activity existed in the region of Ghana in 1500 BC. But the first confirmed inhabitants of the region are those of the Dagombas, who established settlements in as early as 1210AD.
In 1598, Dutch traders had entered the region and built several forts along the coastline. The most notable of these forts was the Komenda Fort. In 1637, the Dutch captured and took over the Elmina Castle.
In the following years, a number of other nations came to the region such as the British, the Danes, and the Swedes. Forts were built by these traders and in 1872, the Dutch had lost interest in the region and ceded their control to the British, ending their dominance of 274 years in the Gold Coast.
In 1874, the British made the region a crown colony, authorizing their complete control over the Gold Coast.
After the Second World War, a group of ex-military native servicemen were inspired by the acts of rebellion and uprising against the British rule in India and Burma, where they had fought during the War. In 1947, the group formed the country’s first political party, which was the United Gold Coast Convention. In 1949, one of the group’s leaders named Nkrumah, separated and created his own party, which was the Convention People’s Party. In 1952, Nkrumah became the Gold Coast’s Prime Minister.
The country’s name from Gold Coast to Ghana happened in 1956.
The next few years were filled with alternating military and civilian governments and in 1992, a new constitution was implemented, coinciding with the country’s first general elections.
Ghana is a West African country, officially called the Republic of Ghana has constitutional democracy. Bordered by Cote d’Ivoire in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and Gulf of Guinea in the south, Ghana is almost landlocked from three sides. Ghana has only 539 km long coastline. The total area covered by Ghana territory is 238,533 sq. km. making it the eighty second largest country of the world. Geographically Ghana is estimated to be the closest country to the center of the earth.
It is also located in closer proximity, north of the equator, thus Ghana mostly has tropical warm climate. The latitudinal extent of Ghana is 4° to 12°N latitudes and 4°W to 2°E longitudes. The prime meridian passes through the town of Tema in Ghana. Accra is the capital city of Ghana.
Ghana’s topography mostly plains and lowlands with some plateau regions. World’s largest artificial lake by surface area, the Lake Volta is situated in Ghana. Ghana’s wide variety of wildlife and natural diversity is worth a visit to the country. The abundance of natural resources in the country has led to its growing economic development.
|Facts About Ghana|
|Area||238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi) Water (%) 4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)|
|Population||30 million (2014 estimate)|
|Lat Long||7.483380, -1.305314|
|Time Zone||GMT (UTC+0)|
|Neighbour countries||Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo|